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Glaucoma is a disease in which the fluid pressure within the eye is elevated. Elevated pressures can cause damage to the optic nerve and loss of peripheral vision. Glaucoma is a 'silent' disease and there are little to no symptoms to alert patients. The best way to prevent damage is regular visits to an ophthalmologist.

Diagnosis & Treat 

Preventing irreversible damage

During an exam, measurements of the eye's intraocular pressures will be taken. While average pressures tend to be a teen number, they are unique patient to patient. Corneal thickness plays a large role in determining an accurate pressure reading. Patients with thicker corneas will have higher readings than patients with thinner corneas. A measurement of the cornea is typically done to insure the readings are most accurate. Scans of the optic nerve are often done as well to see if there is any visible damage that is not capable of being seen during exams. Visual field testing is also used to see where patients might begin losing sections of peripheral vision.

Treatment is most typically medicated eye drops that are used daily. Medications maybe used once a day or multiple times throughout a day. While this is the preferred method of treatment, it may not be successful for all patients. If that is the case, the next step is surgical intervention. Selective Laser Trabeculopasty (SLT) is an office procedure that can be done to help reduce intraocular pressure. This procedure is capable of maintaining pressures for several years but may need repeated over time. 

Created by Ayla Nicole 2022

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